Research & Publications

Research & Publications

Helping patients to get back to their active lifestyle is my most important mission, and to do that I also conduct basic science and clinical research to develop tomorrow’s treatment options that will be less invasive, more effective, and offer a faster return to full function, whatever that looks like for each patient.

I continue to contribute to research and publications, giving lectures around the world on knee injuries and treatments, related research, shoulder injuries and treatments, and sports medicine. You can find my articles (as well as other research and publications) in The American Journal of Sports Medicine, Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, The Journal for Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, Orthopedics This Week, Health Digest, and many more.

2023 Research and Publications


Loyst RA, Palhares G, Hinkley P, Rizy M, Burge AJ, Gomoll AH, Strickland SM. “Predilection of Patellofemoral Cartilage Lesions in Patients with Posterior Medial Meniscal Root Lesions.” CARTILAGE. 2023 Jul 26.

Brusalis CM, Huddleston HP, Lavalva SM, Gottlieb D, Fletcher C, Hinkley P, Gomoll AH, Strickland SM. “Short-Term Outcomes of Concomitant Patellofemoral Arthroplasty and Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction to Treat Concurrent Patellofemoral Arthritis and Patellar Instability.” J Knee Surg. 2023 Jun 20.

Uppstrom TJ, Cash BM, Jahandar A, Fletcher C, Nguyen JT, Maher SA, Strickland SM, Gomoll AH. “Proximal bone block with distal screw trajectory improves mechanical stability during distalization tibial tubercle osteotomy.” Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2023 Jun 10. 

Sidharthan S, Strickland SM. Editorial Commentary: A Posterior Tibial Tubercle Relative to the Trochlear Groove Is Associated With Increased Risk of Patellofemoral Arthritis: The Sagittal Tibial Tubercle-Trochlear Groove Distance.” Arthroscopy. 2023 Jun.

Uppstrom TJ, Breighner RE, Fletcher C, Mintz DN, Strickland SA. “Assessment of Patellar Vascularity after Patellar Cartilage Restoration via Lateral Parapatellar Approach: Analysis Using Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging.” Cartilage. 2023 Jun.

Anatone AJ, Uppstrom TJ, Fletcher C, Baral E, Gomoll AH, Strickland SM. “Patellofemoral arthroplasty conversion to total knee arthroplasty: An updated retrieval analysis and clinical outcomes.” Knee. 2023 May 19.

Palhares G, Hinkley P, Rizy M, Fletcher C, Gomoll A, Strickland S. Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy With Distalization for the Treatment of Patella Alta.” Arthrosc Tech. 2023 Apr 2.

Kunze KN, Moran J, Polce EM, Pareek A, Strickland SM, Williams RJ 3rd. “Lower donor site morbidity with hamstring and quadriceps tendon autograft compared with bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.” Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2023 Mar 31.

Kunze KN, Palhares G, Uppstrom TJ, Hinkley P, Rizy M, Gomoll AH, Stein BES, Strickland SM. “Establishing minimal detectable change thresholds for the international knee documentation committee and Kujala scores at one and two years after patellofemoral joint arthroplasty.” Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2023 Mar 23.

Lamplot JD, Jahandar A, Meyers KN, Gomoll AH, Maher SA, Strickland SM. “Anteromedialization Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy Improves Patellar Contact Forces: A Cadaveric Model of Patellofemoral Dysplasia.” Am J Sports Med. 2023 Feb.

2022 Research and Publications

Barth KA, Strickland SM. “Surgical Treatment of Iatrogenic Patella Baja.” Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2022 Dec.

Strickland S. Editorial Commentary: Two Fixation Points Are Better for Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction-To Minimize Complications, Bone Tunnels Should Be Avoided.” Arthroscopy. 2022 Nov.

Lee H, Fletcher C, Hartwell M, Strickland SM. “Effect of Patellofemoral Arthroplasty on Patellar Height in Patients with Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis.” J Knee Surg. 2022 Sep 1.

Fabricant, P, Mintz, D, Emery, K, Veerkamp, M, Gruber, S, Green, D, Strickland, S, Wall, W, Shubin Stein, B. “Many Radiographic and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Assessments for Surgical Decision Making in Pediatric Patellofemoral Instability Patients Demonstrate Poor Interrater Reliability.” Arthroscopy. 2022 Sep;38(9):2702-2713.

Hinkley P, Fletcher C, Strickland S. “Patellar Tendon Imbrication for the Treatment of Patella Alta in Skeletally Immature Patients.” Arthrosc Tech. 2022 Aug 17.

Redler LH, Dennis ER, Mayer GM, Kalbian IL, Nguyen JT, Shubin Stein BE, Strickland SM. “Does Ligamentous Laxity Protect Against Chondral and Osteochondral Injuries in Patients With Patellofemoral Instability?” Orthop J Sports Med. 2022 Jul 6;10(7):23259671221107609.

Kunze KN, Eliasberg CD, Strickland SM, Lane JM. “Nonunion of the Coracoid Base Secondary to Cutibacterium acnes Infection in a Surgically Naive Patient.” JBJS Case Connector: 2022; 12(2).

Fletcher C, Strickland S. “Hybrid Treatment of Osteochondral Fracture of the Patella With Particulated Juvenile Cartilage and Fragment Fixation.” Arthrosc Tech. 2022 Jun 14;11(7):e1189-e1193.

Dawkins BJ, Shubin Stein BE, Mintz DN, Fabricant PD, Gomoll AH, Strickland SM, Aitchison AH, Hidalgo Perea S, Green DW. “Patellofemoral joint cartilage restoration with particulated juvenile allograft in patients under 21 years old.” Knee. 2022 Jun;36:120-129.

Tishelman JC, Pyne A, Kahlenberg CA, Gruskay JA, Strickland SM. “Obesity Does Not Affect Patient-Reported Outcomes following Patellofemoral Arthroplasty.” J Knee Surg. 2022 Feb;35(3):312-316.

Langhans MT, Strickland SM, Gomoll AH. “Management of Chondral Defects Associated with Patella Instability.” Clin Sports Med. 2022 Jan;41(1):137-155.

2021 Research and Publications

Spang RC, Jahandar A, Meyers KN, Nguyen JT, Maher SA, Strickland SM. “Dysplastic Patellofemoral Joints Lead to a Shift in Contact Forces: A 3D-Printed Cadaveric Model.” Am J Sports Med. 2021 Oct;49(12):3344-3349.

Cheng SI, Norman RM, DeMeo D, Zhong H, Turteltaub LH, McCarthy MM, Marx RG, Strickland SM, Kelly AM. “The Feasibility of Blinding Intraoperative Electro-Auricular Acupuncture Under Neuraxial Anesthesia.” Med Acupunct. 2021 Aug 1;33(4):286-294

Gomoll AH, Farr J, Cole BJ, Flanigan DC, Lattermann C, Mandelbaum BR, Strickland SM, Zaslav KR, Kimmerling KA, Mowry KC. “Safety and Efficacy of an Amniotic Suspension Allograft Injection Over 12 Months in a Single-Blinded, Randomized Controlled Trial for Symptomatic Osteoarthritis of the Knee.” Arthroscopy. 2021 Jul;37(7):2246-2257.

2020 Research and Publications

Strickland S, Apostolakos JM, Gomoll AH, Mandelbaum BR, Sherman SL. “Patellofemoral 101 – Back to the Basics: How to address the MPFL, Tibial Tubercle, and Articular Cartilage in Patients with Recurrent Patellar Instability.” Instr Course Lect. Submitted May 2020.

Gruskay JA, Gomoll AH, Arendt EA, Dejour DH, Strickland SM. “Patellar Instability and Dislocation: Optimizing Surgical Treatment and How to Avoid Complications.” Instr Course Lect. 2020;69:671-692.

Lamplot JD, Gomoll AH, Strickland S. “Cartilage restoration and stabilization strategies for the patellofemoral joint.” Cartilage Injury of the Knee: State-of-the-Art Treatment and Controversies ISAKOS

Strickland S, De Caro F, Magnussen R. “Patellofemoral Pain, Chondrosis and Arthritis in the Young to Middle Age Patient: 32-year-old woman with lateral patella and trochlear chondrosis.” The Patellofemoral Joint – A Case-Based Approach_Manuscript Guidelines ISAKOS. Submitted March 2020.

Gomoll AH, Farr J, Cole BJ, Flanigan DC, Latterman C, Mandelbaum BR, Strickland S, Zaslav KR, Kimmerling KA, Mowry, KC. “Safety and Efficacy of an Amniotic Suspension Allograft Injection over 12 Months in a Blinded, Randomized Controlled Trial for Symptomatic Osteoarthritis of the Knee.” American Journal of Sports Medicine. Submitted June 2020.

Schneider BL, Ling DI, Kleebad LJ, Strickland S, Pearl AD. “Comparing Return to Sports after Patellofemoral and Knee Arthroplasty in an Age and Sex Matched Cohort.” Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. Accepted April 2020.

Strickland S, Pyne A, Connors K. “Non-operative Treatments for Patellofemoral Arthritis.” ESSKA 2nd Edition Patellofemoral Pain, Instability, and Arthritis. To be published May 2020.

Cheng S, DeMeo D, Zhong H, McCarthy M, Marx R, Strickland S, Turteltaub L, Kelly A. “The Feasibility of Intraoperative Electro Auricular Acupuncture for Analgesia After ACL Surgery: A Blinding Study.” Submitted Feb 2020.

Jeong, S. Tishelman J, Schneider B, Pyne A, Strickland S. “Patellofemoral Arthroplasty Surgical Technique: Lateral or Medial Parapatellar Approach.” The Journal of Arthroplasty. Accepted February 2020.

Tishelman J, Kahlenberg C, Pyne A, Gruskay J, Strickland S. “Obesity Does Not Affect Patient Reported Outcomes Following Patellofemoral Arthroplasty.” The Journal of Knee Surgery. Accepted February 2020.

Chahla J, Hinckel BB, Yanke AB, Farr J; Metrics of Osteochondral Allografts (MOCA) Group, Bugbee WD, Carey JL, Cole BJ, Crawford DC, Fleischli JE, Getgood A, Gomoll AH, Gortz S, Gross AE, Jones DG, Krych AJ, Lattermann C, Mandelbaum BR, Mandt PR, Minas T, Mirzayan R, Mologne TS, Polousky JD, Provencher MT, Rodeo SA, Safir O, Sherman SL, Strauss ED, Strickland SM, Wahl CJ, Williams RJ 3rd. “An Expert
Consensus Statement on the Management of Large Chondral and Osteochondral Defects in the Patellofemoral Joint.”
 Orthop J Sports Med. 2020 Mar 26.

Kleebad LJ, Strickland SM, Nwachukwu CU, Kerhoffs GMMJ, Pearle AD. “Satisfaction with return to sports after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty and what type of sports are patients doing.” Knee. 2020 January 8.

Gruskay JA, Gomoll AH, Arendt EA, Dejour DH, Strickland SM. “Patellar Instability and Dislocation: Optimizing Surgical Treatment and How to Avoid Complications.” Instr Couse Lect. 2020; 69: 671-692.

Spang RC, Getgood A, Strickland SM, Amendola AN, Gomoll AH. “Optimizing Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Outcomes: What Else Needs Fixing Besides the ACL?” Instr Course Lect. 2020; 69: 653-660.

2019 Research and Publications

Eliasberg C, Diduch D, Strickland S. “Failure of Patellofemoral Joint Preservation.” Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine. December 2019.

Nwachukwu BU, So C, Zhang Y, Shubin-Stein BE, Strickland SM, Green DW, Dodwell ER. “Adolescent and Caregiver-derived Utilities for Traumatic Patella Dislocation Health States.” J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 Nov/Dec; 39(10): 755-760.

Strickland SM. “Editorial Commentary: Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Repair Versus Reconstruction: Still a Question or a Clear Winner?” Arthroscopy. 2019 October; 35 (10): 2916-2917.

Tishelman JC, Kahlenberg CA, Nwachukwu BU, Gruskay J, Strickland SM. “Patient satisfaction reporting for patellofemoral arthroplasty is significantly lacking: a systematic review.” Phys Sportsmed. September 2019; 47(3): 270-274.

Lieber AC, Steinhaus ME, Liu JN, Hurwit D, Chiaia T, Strickland SM. “Quality and Variability of Online Available Physical Therapy Protocols From Academic Orthropaedic Surgery Programs for Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction.” Orthop J Sports Med. 2019 July 2;7(7).

Gruskay J, Gomoll A, Strickland S, Green D, Chaiai T, Casey E. “Team Approach:
Patellofemoral Instability in the Skeletally Immature.”
Journal of Joint and Bone Surgery. July 2019.
Sacks H, Prabhakar P, Wessel L, Hettler J, Strickland S, Potter H, Fufa D. “Generalized Joint Laxity in Orthopaedic Patients. Clinical Manifestations, Radiographic Correlates, and Management.” The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. March 2019.

2018 Research and Publications

Liu JN, Steinhaus ME, Kalbian IL, Post WR, Green DW, Strickland SM, Shubin Stein BE. “Patellar Instability Management: A Survey of the International Patellofemoral Study Group.” Am J Sports Med. Nov 2018; 46(13): 3299-3306.
Strickland S, Bird Mackenzie, Christ A. “Advances in Patellofemoral Arthroplasty.” Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. June 2018; 11(2): 221-230.
Liu JN, Wu HH, Garcia GH, Kalbian IL, Strickland SM, Shubin Stein BE. “Return to Sports After Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy for Patellofemoral Pain and Osteoarthritis.” Arthroscopy. April 2018; 34(4): 1022-1029.
Liu JN, Brady JM, Kalbian IL, Strickland SM, Ryan CB, Nguyen JT, Shubin Stein BE. “Clinical Outcomes After Isolated Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction for Patellar Instability Among Patients with Trochlear Dysplasia.” Am J Sports Med. March 2018;46(4): 883-889.
Liu JN, Mintz DN, Nguyen JT, Brady JM, Strickland SM, Shubin Stein BE. “Magnetic Resonance Imaging Validation of Tibial Tubercle Transfer Distance in the Fulkerson Osteotomy: A Clinical and Cadaveric Study.” Arthroscopy. Jan 2018; 34(1): 189-197.
Kouk S, Kalbian I, Wolfe E, Strickland SM. “Robot-Assisted Medial Compartment Arthroplasty Following Remote Patellectomy: A Case Report.” J Orthop Case Rep. Jan-Feb 2018;8(1): 11-14.
Wang D, Shubin Stein B, Strickland S. (2018). “Patellofemoral Issues.” Farr J & Gomoll A (Eds.),Cartilage Restoration: Practical Clinical Applications 2nd Edition. 103-117. Springer Science.

2017 Research and Publications

Shubin Stein BE, Brady JM, Grawe B, Tuakli-Wosornu Y, Nguyen JT, Wolfe E, Voigt M,Magony G, Strickland S. “Return to Activities After Patellofemoral Arthroplasty.” Am JOrthop. Nov/Dec 2017; 46(6): 353-357.
Brady JM, Sullivan JP, Nguyen J, Mintz D, Green DW, Strickland S, Shubin Stein BE. “The Tibial Tubercle-to-Trochlear Groove Distance is Reliable in the Setting of Trochlear Dysplasia, and Superior to the Tibial Tubercle-to-Posterior Cruciate Ligament Distance When Evaluating Coronal Malalignment in Patellofemoral Instability.” Arthroscopy. Nov2017; 33(11): 2026-2034.
Grawe B, Burge A, Nguyen K, Strickland S, Warren R, Rodeo S, Shubin Stein B. “Cartilage Regeneration in Full-Thickness Patellar Chondral Defects Treated with Particulated Juvenile Articular Allograft Cartilage: An MRI Analysis.” Cartilage. Oct 2017; 8(4):374-383.
Christ AB, Koch C, Shubin Stein BE, Gonzalez Della Valle A, Strickland SM. “Patellofemoralarthroplasty conversion to total knee arthroplasty: Retrieval analysis and clinical correlation.” The Knee. October 2017; 24(5): 1233-1239.
Liu J, Steinhaus M, Kalbian I, Post W, Green D, Strickland S, Shubin Stein, B. “Patellar Instability Management: A Survey of the International Patellofemoral Study Group.” American Journal of Sports Medicine. October 2017; 46(13): 3299-3306.
Liu J, Strickland S, Shubin Stein B. “Patellar Instability Management: A Survey of the International Patellofemoral Study Group.” American Journal of Sports Medicine, July 2017.
Liu J, Mintz D, Nguyen J, Munch J, Strickland S, Shubin Stein B. “MRI Validation of Tibial Tubercle Transfer Distance: A Clinical and Cadaveric Study.” July 2017.
Grawe B, Burge A, Nguyen J, Strickland S, Warren R, Rodeo S, Shubin Stein B. “Cartilage Regeneration in Full-Thickness Patellar Chondral Defects Treated with Particulated Juvenile Articular Allograft Cartilage: An MRI Analysis.” Cartilage. October 2017; 8(4):374-383.
Nwachukwu B, So C, Schairer W, Shubin Stein B, Strickland S, Green D, Dodwell E. “Economic Decision Model for First-Time Traumatic Patellar Dislocations in Adolescents.” American Journal of Sports Medicine. August 2017; 45(10): 2267-2275.

2016 & Earlier Research and Publications

Munch J, Sullivan J, Nguyen J, Mintz D, Green D, Shubin Stein B, Strickland S. “Patellar Articular Overlap is a Simple Alternative to Conventional Measurements of Patellar Height.” Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. July 2016. AAOS Now, January 2015, p 17, Patellofemoral Arthroplasty in 2015.
Cody E; Strickland SM. “Multidirectional Instability in the Female Athlete.” In: Plancher, K. ed. Posterior & MDI: Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine, 2013.
Khair M; Strickland SM. “Surgical treatment of MDI, open rotator interval closure is my preferred technique.” In: Dines, D.; Williams, G.; Walsch, G.; Dodson, C. Eds. Current concepts in shoulder Instability, 2013.
McCarthy M, Strickland SM. “E Patellofemoral Pain: An Update on Diagnostic and Treatment
 In: Current Reviews of Musculoskeletal Medicine, 2013, 6(2):188-94.
Cummins CA, Appleyard RC, Strickland SM, Haen, PS, Chen S, Murrell GAC. “Rotator Cuff
Repair: An Ex Vivo Analysis of Suture Anchor Repair Techniques on Initial Load to
 Arthroscopy, 2005, 21(10): 1236-1241.
Wolf BR, Strickland S, Williams RJ, Allen AA, Altchek DW, Warren, RF. “Open Posterior
Stabilization for Recurrent Posterior Glenohumeral Instability.”
 Journal of Shoulder and
Elbow Surgery, 2005, 14(2):157-164. Nominated for the Neer Award.
Strickland SM, Altchek DW, Williams RJ. “Arthroscopic Treatment of Posterior Shoulder
 In: Craig EV, ed. Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery: The Shoulder. 2
ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004, pp 103-113.
Strickland SM, Warren RF, MacGillivray JD. “ACL Reconstruction with Allograft Tendons.” In:
Andrews, JR, Gladstone, JN; eds. Orthopaedic Clinics of North America, 2003, 34(1): 41-
Strickland SM, Belknap TW, Turner AS, Wright TM, Hannafin JA. “Lack of Hormonal Influences
on Mechanical Properties of Sheep Knee Ligaments.”
 The American Journal of Sports
Medicine, 2003, 31(2): 210-215.
Williams RJ, Strickland SM, Altchek DA, Warren RF. “Arthroscopic Shoulder Stabilization for
Posterior Shoulder Instability.”
 The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2003, 31(2): 203-
Cummins CA, Strickland SM, Appleyard RC, Szomor ZL, Marshall J, Murrell GAC. “Rotator Cuff
Repair With Bioabsorbable Screws: An In Vivo and Ex Vivo Investigation.”
2003, 19(3): 239-248.
Strickland SM, Metzl J. “Growth and Development in the Female Athlete.” In: Ireland ML, Nattiv A,
eds. The Female Athlete. 1 ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, Elsevier Science, 2002, pp 199-207.
Anderson K, Strickland SM, Warren RF. “Current Concepts. Hip and Groin Injuries in Athletes.” The
American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2001, 29(4): 521-533.
Hannafin JA, Strickland SM. “Frozen Shoulder.” Current Opinion in Orthopedics, 2000, 11: 271-275.
Strickland SM, Westrich GH. “Spontaneous Compartment Syndrome Occurring Postoperatively in 2
Oral Surgery Patients.”
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, July 2000, 58(7): 814-816.
Review my publications in the National Library of Medicine.